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    • 23 JAN 14
    • 0

    Provision of First Aid in the workplace

    Life Med Training Centre often recieves queries from companies regarding uncertainties about the Provision of First Aid in the Workplace. Life Med Training Centre therefore decided to complile a short summary to assist the public with this issue that seems to cause many uncertainties about the provision of first aid in the workplace.

     

    At Life Med we believe that no-one should die because they needed First Aid and didn't get it. We aim to train as many people as possible so that they can be the difference between a life lost, and a life saved.

     

    The provision of First Aid in the workplace is required in terms of General Safety Regulation 3 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993): 3 (1) "An employer shall take all reasonable steps that are necessary under the circumstances, to ensure that persons at work receive prompt first aid treatment in case of injury or emergency."
    Regulation 3(2), 3(3) and 3(4) provide guidelines regarding the number of first-aid boxes that should be available per workplace.


     LEGAL FRAMEWORK


    – Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993) and the General Safety
      Regulations and Hazardous Biological Agents Regulations
    – The Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act, 1993 (Act 130 of
      1993)


    DEPARTMENTAL FIRST-AID COORDINATOR


     Each department should appoint a coordinator who will be responsible to ensure that first-aiders are selected, trained and appointed.
     The Occupational Health and Safety Representative of the area is responsible to ensure that all first-aid boxes are checked and adequately stocked every month.


    FUNCTIONS OF FIRST-AIDERS


    •   Providing first aid to injured employees
    •   Keeping a record of injuries treated and stock used
    •   Requesting stock replacement
    •   Reporting theft of stock
    •   Cleaning blood spills


    When should first aid be provided at the workplace?
    The regulation states that ‘‘an employer shall take all reasonable steps that are necessary under the circumstances, to ensure that persons at work receive prompt first aid treatment in case of injury or emergency.''
    "All reasonable steps" includes the training of employees in first aid skills by a recognized training institution. Employees and other persons on the workplace are entitled to receive prompt first aid treatment without unnecessary delay. 

    When should first aid boxes be provided?
    The Regulation makes provision that first aid facilities must be provided ''Where more than five employees are employed at a workplace''
    Correct placement of the first aid boxes:
    “The employer must provide a first aid box or boxes at or near the workplace, available and accessible for the treatment of injured persons at that workplace."
    How many first aid boxes should be provided?
    The number of boxes required should be determined by the employer, taking the following into account:
     • The type of injuries that is likely to occur at a workplace,
    • The nature of the activities performed and
    • The number of employees employed at such workplace

    What should the first aid box contain?
    Suitable first aid equipment, as listed in the prescribed Annexure. (You will find the Annexure at the back of the General Administrative Regulations)


    Annexure
    Government Notice R.2245 of 7 August 1992


    Minimum contents of a First Aid Box


    (In the case of shops and offices, the quantities stated under items 1, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, and 18 may be reduced by half.)


    Item 1- Wound cleaner / antiseptic (100ml)
    Item 2 – Swabs for cleaning wounds
    Item 3 – Cotton wool for padding (100g)
    Item 4 – Sterile gauze (minimum quantity 10)
    Item 5 – 1 pair of forceps (for splinters)
    Item 6 – 1 pair of scissors (minimum size 100mm)
    Item 7 – 1 set of safety pins
    Item 8 – 4 triangular bandages
    Item 9 – 4 roller bandages (75mm x 5m)
    Item 10 – 4 roller bandages (100mm x 5m)
    Item 11 – 1 roll of elastic adhesive (25mm x 3m)
    Item 12 – 1 Non-allergenic adhesive strip (25mm x 3m)
    Item 13 – 1 Packet of adhesive dressing strips (minimum quantity 10 assorted sizes)
    Item 14 – 4 First aid dressing (75mm x 100mm)
    Item 15 – 4 First aid dressings (150mm x 200mm)
    Item 16 – 2 Straight splints
    Item 17 – 2 Pairs large and 2 pairs medium disposable latex gloves
    Item 18 – 2 CPR mouth pieces or similar devices

     

    May the employer keep any other articles or substances like painkillers and vitamins in the first aid box?
    Regulation 3 states that the employer must ensure that only articles and equipment as mentioned above or other similar equipment or medicine is kept in the first aid box or boxes.


    General remarks and comments:
     •Articles used for first aid purposes should always be replaced as soon as possible after it has been used.
     •The employer must perform regular inspections of the first aid boxes in the workplace to ensure that the boxes contain the prescribed ''minimum contents.'
     •Items contained in the box should also be inspected for expiry dates. All expired equipment should be discarded and replaced immediately.
     •A formal first aid register must be provided for the purpose of recording all incidents where first aid had to be provided.
     •A name list of the certified first aider(s) could also be kept in or near the first aid box
    .

     

    Life Med can assist you with the supply of Regulation 7 First Aid Kits. We also have a Department of Labour accredited Training Centre where we offer First Aid level 1, 2 and 3 courses, Basic Fire Fighting and Prevention training as well as a range of Health and Safety Courses. Details can be found on the Training page of this website. 

    You can also contact us on 0861 086 911 for more information or email training@lifemed911.co.za

     

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